Linux Software for Military Purposes

Military operations are always under the radar and are scrutinised by the nation as its top priority to protect the integrity. While each military base takes this at the core, it realises that protecting and preserving its data on its military Linux software has to be paid some heed. The Department of Defence of the United States has an official policy stating there shall be no use of an open platform without a waiver. Well, we may think that it’s a stone cold stupid rule being implemented to line the pockets of tech giants Oracle, IBM and Microsoft including others. When you actually look in practice at the ground level, there are a ton of Linux and other based software that are open sourced stuff in whole of the defence department. They have the allowance of granting those waivers at any given time.

Secure systems use Linux, since it's open source and there's no secret backdoors.
Secure systems use Linux, since it’s open source and there’s no secret backdoors.

Most of the servers operated across the Department of Defence work on Linux. While other versions like FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris and SCO Unix among others were extensively used in the past among which HP-UX and Solaris are still in operation. The US military predominantly makes use of Linux software and the Security Enhanced Linux being the most trusted software for hardening Linux against Linux has been sponsored by the National Security Agency. Linux is made use in all the important national security departments of the United States such as aviation, navy and the ground based military camps. It’s the main source of communication and data analysis platform medium for the department. It has got its various versions being used in different departments such as Lightweight Portable Security for the Air Force application and secure usage.

Linux for Military:

The military Linux software is highly powerful and optimized in all aspects to run solely for the purpose and therefore leave no trace of it while being operated on parallel sides. If we go down a decade, the seeds for shifting towards a Linux based infrastructure had been sowed with the army eventually taking its stance forward for the new software to boost its $200 Billion weapon program.

  • It allows you to have web browsing and remote network connections while including all verifications and encryption wizard.
  • It thereby converts your untrusted Mac or Windows into a very secure and powerful device operating on the minimal level to comprehend complex tasks in hand.
  • Perhaps the most striking feature is its encryption where you can easily have controls of encrypting, decrypt and archive for all files.

Astra Linux has been considered as a de facto open platform for its wide use in the variety of products and segments in the market. It’s found in powerful servers, desktops and highly sophisticated devices run on the platform and hence for the same reason the military considers it as an open standard. With a large community of experts in software development for Linux and its open source management, it makes it easier to retain such personnel. Defense programs require high performance and real-time capabilities which the modern Linux software’s have been offering.

Arguments:

While there have always been the arguments over its use and unwisely usage at times from both the military and the government, it still helps the fact that it has increased its security levels for open standards drastically. Known for its high performance and secured interface, it helps in getting the work done easily by leveraging the tasks efficiently making it time-saving and money saving too. I the current scenario is anything to be considered with high tech operations on Linux, it can be claimed to be the best open standard software interface for the military to have adopted.

New Policy towards Open Source Platforms

Every military around the world uses different open source software solutions to address cyber-attacks and communicate safely with the outside world. The American military too implements user of open sourced software to provide the nation its history and have in-depth analysis of all the missions for the researchers and scholars to review. One can browse into all sorts of details as what the purpose of military is, what it does and how it is funded or just have a look at the hierarchy and ranks in the department with their operational powers. The military has been looking to develop its software technology rapidly as it’s the modern way of communication and warfare in this advanced world. It helps them stay in ground with all other militaries around the world and gain great insights into developing treaties with nations for friendly military base relations.

Open-source tech leads the way to innovation.
Open-source tech leads the way to innovation.

It is important for the military to advance its technological application and use the latest software’s to track down potential threats and develop combating strategies towards the next revolution in the world. Hence the official policy of the US Department of defense states that no use of open source software without a waiver. In fact, a lot of the essential tools out there in the data center are said to be of open source as per the insider information. Considering the new cyber warfare that has been relevant in this century widely due to its incredible dependence. So countries have adopted certain measures to counter cybercrime and warfare with certain policies and amendments in its constitution and also equipping its military base with proper skills to combat such forces.

Policy Update:

Keeping this in hindsight, the department of defense of the US has released a new approach or strategy towards its action plans for countering cybersecurity hazards and threats being posed by China and Russia along with other nations. A brief summary of the issue has stated that the Defence Department is keen to build up its joint force’s capability to carry out various cyber operations to benefit the country’s military advantage and defend the US from malicious threats to its critical infrastructure and thereby secure the Pentagon’s information system from cyber crashes and attacks.

Key Highlights:

  • The department has also talked about enhancing in the innovation of leveraging data analytics, automation and use of open source platforms to build a lethal force around the cyberspace.
  • Along these lines, it also looks forward to developing and establishing new partnerships and alliances with services to compete in the cyber era.
  • The agency envisions to integrate the cyber awareness program in its institutional culture and boost cyber accountability and help crowdsourced threat detection as one of the core reforms.
  • On similar lines, for development of open source software platforms, it looks to launch a cyber talent management initiative aimed at a pathway towards sustaining and healthy cyberspace for software developers and hardware engineers.

With the new Trump administration regulation that repeals the Obama’s guidelines, it has permitted the use of offensive cyber operations using open source platforms to track down the potential threat. Having cited its interference in the 2016 elections both during the general elections and the DNC hack in the campaign run. It has come to serious notice to address and preserved the data at military database software with utmost security for national interest. Hence Pentagon has joined hands with the Department of Defence to develop a plan that helps to counter such attacks by minimizing its potential rise by allowing intrusion of offensive cyber operations to protect nation’s interest. It has been highlighted to be the core concern of the nation which has to be addressed soon.

Ranking System of the American Military

So the military ranking system in America is a bit complicated but it can be understood by any researcher or scholar if they put the time in to learn.

We have different categories first one is pay grade second one is army and marine corps.

I will be listing out the Commissioned Officers first:

0-1: Second Lieutenant

0-2: First Lieutenant

0-3: Captain

0-4: Major

0-5: Lieutenant Colonel

0-6: Colonel

0-7: Brigadier General

0-8: Major General

0-9: Lieutenant General

0-10: General

Second, we have Special Grades:

5 Stars: general of the army

Third, we have Warrant Officers:

W-1: Warrant Officer

W-2-W-5: Chief Warrant Officer

Fourth, we have Total Officers:

E-1: Private

E-2: Army Private/ Marine Private First Class

E-3: Army Private First Class/ Marine Lance Corporal

E-4: Corporal

E-5: Sergeant

E-6: Staff Sergeant

E-7: Army Sergeant First Class Marine Gunnery Sergeant

E-8: Master Sergeant

E-9: Sergeant Major

Lastly, we have Special Grades

Sergeant Major

 

These are the main ranks in the American military the reason for such a structure is to show discipline commitment and loyalty to the American army. You must be committed and loyal to be able to climb the ranks and be where you want to be in the world. Obviously, the same principle still apply depending on wherever you want to be in the world. With hard work and dedication, anything is possible.